Yad Vashem is Israeli’s National Holocaust Memorial; built in 1953. It is located in Jerusalem west of Mount Herzl, adjacent to the Jerusalem Forest. From school groups to foreign diplomats, close to 1 million people from all over the world visit annually.
The goals of Yad Vashem are education, research, documentation, and commemoration. Yad Vashem strives to preserve the memory and names of the 6 million Jews who were murdered during this dark period in history.
The memorial contains a comprehensive history museum with more than 2500 personal items on display. In addition there is a children’s memorial, the Hall of Remembrance, an art museum, synagogue, library, research institute, publishing house, educational center, bookstore and the Garden of the Righteous Among Nations.
The Righteous Among Nations is a garden honoring the non-Jews, who on their own behalf, helped save Jews from extermination. As of 2011, more than 24,000 individuals were recognized as Righteous Among the Nations. The majority of these courageous people received this designation, along with a certificate, medal and honorary Israeli citizenship posthumously.
Entrance is offered free of charge. Many parts of the memorial can be distressing which is why children under the age of 10 are not permitted.